Select Page

Protocol to Amend the Framework Agreement under Asean-China Fta (Acfta)

As a professional, I am well aware of the importance of creating content that is informative, engaging, and optimized for search engines. Today, I will be discussing the protocol to amend the Framework Agreement under ASEAN-China Free Trade Area (ACFTA).

The ASEAN-China FTA, which was initiated in 2002, is a comprehensive regional free trade agreement that covers trade in goods, services, and investment. It facilitates the flow of goods and services between ASEAN member states and China, promoting economic growth and development in the region.

In November 2015, the Protocol to Amend the Framework Agreement under ACFTA was signed, with the aim of further enhancing trade and investment between ASEAN and China. The protocol covers various areas, including trade in goods, services, investment, and intellectual property rights.

One of the key objectives of the protocol is to further liberalize trade in goods between ASEAN and China. It aims to eliminate tariffs on over 90% of goods traded between the two parties by 2020, which would provide businesses with greater access to markets and increase trade flows.

In addition, the protocol seeks to improve trade facilitation measures to simplify customs procedures, reduce costs, and enhance efficiency. It also includes provisions to promote investment and protect intellectual property rights, which are crucial for encouraging innovation and creativity.

Under the protocol, ASEAN and China have committed to an ongoing process of review and consultation to ensure the effective implementation of the agreement. This will provide a mechanism for addressing any issues that arise and for further enhancing trade and investment between the two parties.

In conclusion, the Protocol to Amend the Framework Agreement under ACFTA is a significant development in the trade relationship between ASEAN and China. It represents a commitment to further liberalize trade and investment, enhance trade facilitation measures, and protect intellectual property rights. As the implementation of the protocol progresses, it is expected to bring about greater economic integration and growth in the region.

Ontario Rental Agreement Rules

Ontario Rental Agreement Rules: What You Need to Know

Renting a property in Ontario can be a great option for people who are looking for a place to live but are not ready to commit to buying a house or a condominium. Whether you`re a landlord or a tenant, you need to be aware of the Ontario rental agreement rules to ensure that your interests are protected.

The Residential Tenancies Act (RTA) of Ontario governs the rights and responsibilities of both tenants and landlords. The act applies to residential tenancies in Ontario, including houses, apartments, and rooms rented for living purposes.

Under the RTA, landlords are required to provide tenants with a written tenancy agreement at the beginning of the tenancy. The agreement should include information about the rent, the length of the tenancy, and any additional terms or conditions agreed upon by the parties. The agreement should also outline the rules and regulations that the tenant must follow while renting the property.

One of the key rules that landlords and tenants need to be aware of is the requirement for a notice period. Under the RTA, landlords must provide tenants with written notice at least 60 days before the end of the tenancy if they do not intend to renew the tenancy agreement. Similarly, tenants are required to provide landlords with at least 60 days` written notice before the end of the tenancy if they plan to vacate the property.

The RTA also sets out the rules governing rent increases. Landlords are allowed to increase the rent once every 12 months, with the maximum increase rate set by the government. The landlord must provide the tenant with written notice of the rent increase at least 90 days before the effective date of the increase.

Another important rule that landlords and tenants should be aware of is the requirement for security deposits. Landlords are allowed to collect a security deposit at the beginning of the tenancy, which is usually equal to one month`s rent. The deposit must be returned to the tenant at the end of the tenancy, as long as there is no damage to the property or unpaid rent.

In addition to the rules set out by the RTA, landlords and tenants must also comply with other applicable laws and regulations, such as building codes, health and safety regulations, and zoning bylaws.

In summary, if you`re planning to rent a property in Ontario, it`s essential to understand the Ontario rental agreement rules. As a tenant, it`s important to know your rights and responsibilities, while as a landlord, you need to be aware of your obligations under the law. By following these rules, you can ensure a smooth and stress-free tenancy experience.

Double Taxation Agreement Uk Usa

What is the Double Taxation Agreement between the UK and the USA?

The Double Taxation Agreement (DTA) is an agreement between two countries aimed at preventing double taxation of income and profits earned by individuals or companies operating in both countries. The agreement allows individuals and corporations to avoid paying double taxes on the same income or profit by the two countries.

The UK-US DTA, signed in 2001 and effective since 2003, was designed to reduce tax barriers that could otherwise deter cross-border trade and investment between the two countries. The agreement covers taxes on income, capital gains, and dividends.

How does the agreement work?

Under the agreement, residents of either country are subject only to the tax laws of their home country, except in circumstances where they have business operations or investments in the other country. If a taxpayer is liable to pay tax in both countries, the DTA can help reduce their tax liability.

For example, if a UK-based company has operations in the US, it may be liable to pay taxes on its profits in both countries. Under the DTA, the company can credit the US tax it has paid against its UK tax liability, thus avoiding double taxation.

The agreement also provides for exemptions and reduced tax rates in certain circumstances, such as dividends paid by US companies to UK residents or the rental income of UK residents who own property in the US.

Why is the DTA important?

The DTA is an important tool for individuals and businesses operating in both the UK and the US. It helps to ensure that trade and investment between the two countries are not hindered by tax issues, and it provides a level of protection against double taxation.

The DTA also supports the objectives of the United States-United Kingdom Trade and Investment Working Group, which aims to strengthen the trade and investment relationship between the two countries.


The Double Taxation Agreement between the UK and the US is a crucial tool for individuals and businesses operating in both countries. It helps to eliminate barriers to trade and investment, reduces tax liability, and protects against double taxation. As such, it plays a significant role in maintaining the strong trade and investment relationship between the two countries.

Agreement Precedence

Agreement Precedence: Understanding Grammar Rules for Clear Communication

Agreement precedence is an important concept in grammar that helps ensure clear and concise communication in written and spoken language. Essentially, it refers to the hierarchy of agreement rules that govern how different parts of a sentence should agree with each other in terms of tense, number, gender, and other grammatical factors. By following these rules, writers and speakers can avoid ambiguity, confusion, and other common problems that can arise when there is a lack of clarity or consistency in their language.

Here are some key examples of agreement precedence in action:

Subject-Verb Agreement: In a sentence, the verb should always agree with the subject in terms of number and person. For example, if the subject is singular, the verb should be singular as well, and if the subject is plural, the verb should also be plural. This rule helps ensure that the sentence is grammatically correct and easy to understand, as it clarifies the relationship between the subject and the action being described.

Pronoun-Antecedent Agreement: Similarly, when using pronouns to refer to people or things in a sentence, it is important to ensure that the pronoun agrees with its antecedent (i.e., the word it refers to) in terms of number, gender, and person. For example, if the antecedent is singular and female, the pronoun should be singular and female as well (e.g., she, her), and if the antecedent is plural and gender-neutral, the pronoun should also be plural and gender-neutral (e.g., they, them).

Adjective-Noun Agreement: When using adjectives to describe nouns in a sentence, it is also important to ensure that the adjective agrees with the noun in terms of number, gender, and case. For example, if the noun is singular and masculine, the adjective should be singular and masculine as well (e.g., tall boy), and if the noun is plural and feminine, the adjective should also be plural and feminine (e.g., beautiful women).

These are just a few examples of agreement precedence in grammar, but there are many other rules and principles that writers and speakers should keep in mind when communicating. Whether you are writing a blog post, a business email, or a social media update, it is always important to think carefully about how your words will be received by your audience, and to ensure that your message is clear, concise, and grammatically correct.

To improve your grammar skills and learn more about agreement precedence and other important concepts, there are many helpful resources available online, including grammar guides, writing manuals, and online courses. By taking the time to study and practice these rules, you can become a more confident and effective communicator, and ensure that your ideas are always expressed as clearly and accurately as possible.

Sample of a Custody Agreement

A custody agreement is a legal document that outlines the terms and conditions related to child custody between two parents who are no longer together. A well-drafted custody agreement is essential to ensure that the child`s best interests are protected, and the parents have clear guidelines to follow. In this article, we will provide you with a sample custody agreement that can be used as a reference when drafting your own custody agreement.


This custody agreement (“Agreement”) is entered into on [DATE] between [FATHER`S NAME] (“Father”) and [MOTHER`S NAME] (“Mother”) with respect to their child, [CHILD`S NAME] (“Child”).

Custody Arrangements

The parties agree to have joint legal custody of the Child. This means that both parents will have equal rights and responsibilities regarding major decisions regarding the Child`s welfare, including education, healthcare, and religion.

The parties also agree to share physical custody of the Child. The Child will reside primarily with Mother, and Father will have visitation rights every other weekend from Friday evening to Sunday evening. Additionally, the Child will spend alternate holidays and school breaks equally between the parties, as agreed upon by the parties.


The parties agree to maintain open communication regarding the Child`s welfare. The parties will provide each other with the Child`s medical, educational, and other significant information. The parties will also provide each other with their current contact information.


The parties agree to notify each other of any significant changes in residence within a reasonable amount of time before moving. If one party wishes to relocate with the Child, he or she must request permission from the other party before doing so. The parties agree to negotiate in good faith regarding any proposed relocation and to consider the impact on the Child`s relationship with the non-relocating parent.


The parties agree that this agreement is subject to modification if circumstances significantly change, and it becomes necessary to do so. Any modifications must be agreed upon by both parties and should be made in writing.

Dispute Resolution

The parties agree to resolve any dispute regarding the Child`s welfare by negotiation or mediation. If the dispute is not resolved by negotiation or mediation, the parties may seek the assistance of a court of competent jurisdiction.


This sample custody agreement serves as a reference when drafting your own custody agreement. It is crucial to ensure that the agreement is tailored to your specific circumstances and is in compliance with your state`s laws. Therefore, it is recommended to seek the advice of an attorney when drafting a custody agreement. A well-drafted custody agreement protects the child`s best interests and provides clear guidelines for the parents to follow, resulting in a healthy and happy child-parent relationship.